瑞士伯尔尼大学岳安歌和梅兰在民族所讲座
作者:曹谦 日期:2011-12-06 浏览次数:4821


2011年12月6日,瑞士伯尔尼大学社会人类学学院讲师岳安歌(Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi)女士、博士生梅兰(Madlen Kobi)女士应邀到中国社科院民族所访问并做了有关新疆研究的学术讲座。

岳安歌博士的报告题目是“新疆交通运输网络的发展对新疆地区产生的社会变迁研究”。她分析了新疆交通运输网络的发展对新疆产生的社会影响和人口流动模式,她指出,新疆交通运输网络的发展一方面促进了新疆物流业的发展并给当地的各民族居民带来了新的就业机会,但同时也带来了新的挑战。梅兰女士的报告是“新疆的城市化建设:对喀什、阿克苏和库车地区的经济发展和城市规划的个案研究”。梅兰认为,在阿克苏市、喀什市和库车县很多平房被高楼大厦所取代。喀什市和库车县的一些富有特色的古建筑得以保留,成为了旅游胜地。城市物质空间的改变对当地的各民族居民社会生活都带来了正面的和负面的影响。

2011年4-12月,岳安歌和梅兰两位学者与新疆大学合作,在阿克苏等地做了8个月的人类学田野调查。这次讲座就是她们二人田野调查报告的主要内容。参加讲座和交流的学者来自中国社科院民族所、边疆史地中心,中央民族大学,清华大学等10余人。参会学者们积极互动,提出了很多新的见解。这次学术活动由中国社科院民族所经济与社会发展研究室主办。

University of Berne Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi and Madlen Kobi Visited CASS/IEA

Cao Qian

On 6 December 2011, Dr. Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi and PhD Candidate Madlen Kobi, both from the Institute of Social Anthropology at University of Berne in Switzerland, presented their fieldwork at the roundtable at the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS/IEA) in Beijing.

The research topic of Dr. Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi is 'Transportation development, mobility patterns and social change in Xinjiang'. She focused on social transformations and changes in population mobility induced by developing transportation network in Xinjiang. The growing accessibility of transportation brings new opportunities to the local people and has great influence on population mobility patterns within the region itself as well as between the region and other Chinese provinces. At the same time, new challenges are inevitable. Ms. Madlen Kobi discussed 'Urban Renewal in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: How Economic Development and New Apartment Houses Shape Urban Space use-A case study with examples from Kashgar, Aksu and Kuche'. She pointed out that in many southern Xinjiang cities, traditional one-story houses are being replaced by modern skyscrapers. Ms. Kobi emphasized the influence of physical space changes on social transformations. Different ethnic groups in those places have to adapt to new lifestyle. Ms. Kobi further mentioned that both positive and negative influences co-exist in the process of urbanization.

Dr. Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi and Ms. Madlen Kobi carried out their fieldwork in Xinjiang from March through to December 2011 in collaboration with Xinjiang University. The two presentations were followed by a long and lively discussion with eleven other scholars from the CASS, Minzu University of China and Tsinghua University.

文章来源:杜发春
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